Criminal liability on criminal products in cinema, tv and theater

Criminal liability on criminal products in cinema, tv and theater

Author: 
Mahdi Natanzi, Seyyed Mahmoud Mir-Khalili
Abstract: 

Despite of their increasingly importance and remarkable effects in today societies, media can be used to commit crimes and a place to publish criminal works as called media crimes. Visual media enjoy remarkable and broad status and importance among audiences while in contrary to many countries, their crimes in Iran lack integrated and devised laws which have led into undesired impacts and numerous questions and ambiguities. A complicated problem led into huge legal discussions is to determine criminal responsibilities concerning such crimes. Such question originates from the fact that there are many factors involved in the process of producing media works. Now, one should determine which people have criminal responsibility on media offences and relevant punishments. Different attitudes are provided to answer this question such as the responsibility of all factors, the responsible of offender, the responsibility of director, the responsibility of final supervisor and so on. It seems that none of these attitudes are comprehensive and one cannot take a single and absolute theory; rather, one should determine different factors such type of crime (stealing the scenario, producing unethical works), type of video media (TV, theater, cinema), type of program (live, archive) and to determine the responsible person by considering all above factors.

Paper No: 
035