Employment opportunity of sericulture farming system in beed district

Employment opportunity of sericulture farming system in beed district

Author: 
Nadarge, S. C., Gawande, S.C. and Munde, T.B.
Abstract: 

Silk industry in India presently provides gainful employment to an estimated five million persons in the downstream activities of mulberry and non-mulberry subsection. In this challenging scenario, more investment is required for seeding technology, building farmer level infrastructure and for empowering bivoltine sericulture industry. A large chunk of labour is employed in all the sericulture activities and the industry is a boon to the labour surplus countries like India. Sericulture also employs a sizable share of women labour. The women participation in sericulture ranges between 55 and 60 per cent. The year 1994 was observed as "The year of women in sericulture". Multistage sampling design was adopted for the selection of district, tehsils, villages and sericulture producers. Analytical techniques for first objective that is work out the extent of employment generated from sericulture farming were achieved by tabular analysis and second objective i.e. resource use efficiency was achieved by application of functional analysis. In functional analysis linear and Cobb Douglas production function were used. In regard to employment generation in sericulture is considered to be principle cash business in the study area, which generates employment throughout the year. Sericulture is female labour oriented economic activity in the rural areas. The sex ratio in labour participation in the sericulture was 01:01:80, through the sex ratio it is clear that female labour participation is much higher in sericulture than male labour participation, thus sericulture prove best among rural poverty irradiation in the rural areas of the region. Resource productivity marginal productivity with respect to and use of mulberry leaves was (2.575 kg) followed by marginal product of disinfecting material (0.794 kg), family human labour (0.511 kg) and diseased free lying (0.268 kg). It inferred that if use of mulberry leaves were increased by 1 at its geometric mean level, it would lead to increase production of 2.575 kg. In other words use of mulberry leaves, disease free layings, disinfecting material and family human labour, were found, under-utilization and hence there is need to increase these resources in cocoon production.

Paper No: 
1672