Epidemiological study of road traffic accidents attending orthopedic opd of Ch. Rahmat memorial trust hospital, from Jan.2015 to dec.2015

Epidemiological study of road traffic accidents attending orthopedic opd of Ch. Rahmat memorial trust hospital, from Jan.2015 to dec.2015

Author: 
Dr. Razia Chaudhry, Dr. Maham Javed and Dr. Khalid Javed Abid
Abstract: 

Objectives: To study epidemiology of Road Traffic Accidents attending orthopedic OPD of Ch Rehmat Memorial Trust Hospital From January 2015 to December 2015. Study design: Cross sectional descriptive study was conducted among the cases attending Orthopedic OPD of ch rehmat trust hospital from January 2015 to December 2015 Patients and Method: The information was collected from OPD register by using a preformed pretested and prestructured questionnaire. The questionnaire consisted of different variables e.g, age sex type injury etc. Results: 100 patients were recruited for study from Emergency and Orthopedics OPD of Chaudary Rahmat Ali Hopital, in which 67% are male and 33% females. Minimum age was 3 years and maximum was 80 years. Out of 100 cases of RTA, 73% conceded major injury and 27% conceded minor injury. Out of surveyed mostly injuries were abrasions, lacerations. Fracture and dislocations. In our survey20% of RTA were caused by cars, 4% by buses, 37% by motor cycle, 6% by cycle, 12% by pedestrians and 20% by others. Region of body involved in RTA was following, 39% head and neck injuries, 11% trunk, 28% upper limb and 22% lower limb. In our survey, victims of RTA was as following, 22% were drivers, 5% were front seat passengers,15% were back seat passengers,11% were motorcyclist, 24% were pedestrians and 23% were others. According to survey,20% of RTA cause by unattentiveness of drivers,40% by over speeding, 3% casusd by use of cell phone while driving, 30% caused due to road was not in order and in 34% cases cause was not known. Treatment status of RTA cases in Chaudary Rahmat Ali memorial trust was 31% treated and discharged at same day, 24% were admitted, 1% died and 44% were refered to other hospitals. According to survey, 47% RTA occur in January to March, 14% occur in April to june, 24% In July to September and 15% in October to December. Conclusion: From this research we concluded that road traffic accidents are very common in this area of Lahore and are a leading cause of death all over the World. RTAs are quite prevalent in Males and less in females. It has also been concluded that problem is precipitated due to negligence and violence of rules, Most of the road traffic accidents cases were due to over speeding. Throughout the survey we noted that most of the RTAs registered in Chaudary Rahmat Ali Hospital were of Mototcycles and most of the RTA occur from December to February. Due fog and bad weather. From this hospital most of the cases were referr to other hospitals due to severity and lack of facilities in Chaudary Rahmat Ali Hospital.

Paper No: 
1292