Relationship between body mass index and blood pressure among university students in maiduguri, Nigeria

Relationship between body mass index and blood pressure among university students in maiduguri, Nigeria

Author: 
Salamatu Umar Aliyu, Jamilu Tijjani Ahmad, Adetoyeje Y. Oyeyemi
Abstract: 

The aim of this study was to determine the relationship between BMI and BP (SBP and DBP) among university students in Maiduguri, Nigeria. A sample of convenience was used to recruit participants for this study. Data on gender, height, weight, BMI and BP were obtained using a researcher-developed data form. Blood pressure, height and weight of the participants were measured using standardised procedures. A total of 351 students participated in this study out of which 248 (70.7%) were males and 103 (29.3%) were females with mean height, weight and BMI of 1.70±0.07m, 67.01±12.78kg and 1.71±0.45kg/m2 respectively. The mean systolic and diastolic blood pressures were 122.86±14.02mmHg and 82.17±9.69mmHg respectively. The study revealed a significant correlation between BMI and BP (SBP and DBP) among the participants (p<0.01). Significant correlation between BMI and BP (SBP and DBP) was recorded among male participants, while there was no significant correlation between BMI and BP (SBP and DBP) among female participants. In conclusion, the study found a significant relationship between BMI and BP among the participants. There is a need for Students to be enlightened on the adverse health effects associated with high BMI and high blood pressure.

Paper No: 
047