Studies ofthe muqaddimah ibn khaldun pertaining to`umrantheory: An overview

Studies ofthe muqaddimah ibn khaldun pertaining to`umrantheory: An overview

Author: 
Mahayudin Hj Yahaya
Abstract: 

This study examined the term “‘umran” introduced by Ibn Khaldun in his Muqaddimah in the 14th Century A.D. with the aim to identify the real meaning of the term through different studies made by Muslim scholars. The discussion begins with the contants of the Muqaddimah as understood by the Muslim scholars, followed by an analysis and comparision between `umran, `asabiyyah, and dawlah, which of the three is the main focus of the Muqaddimah. The study clearly shows that Ibn Khaldun in Muqaddimah is none other than the ‘umran and its survival and not on ‘asabiyyah or dawlah.The concept of ‘umran is seen as the cornerstone throughout the research and study of Ibn Khaldun in Muqaddimah.The method used in the study is called “induction”, a method of logical reasoning that obtains and discovers general laws from particular facts. To justify thatthe method of induction is effective,we used a comparative method based on scientific and historical facts as its tool to reach a scientific result.

Paper No: 
1470